The Ribbon Test / 5 Key Soil Components for lawns

hi guys Joe here from lawn solutions
Australia your soil plays a vital role in the success of your lawn. In most
cases some soil improvement is necessary to get the most out of it.
Knowing the fundamental components to a successful lawn will enable you to
enrich your soil to give your grass all the nutrients that it needs. Here are the
five key components… organic matter improves soil structure and also
provides essential nutrients to plants and lawns. grass clippings are a great
source as well as compost and organic composted manures minerals provide
essential nutrients for your lawn. The three main minerals lawns require are
nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Air Existing pockets among the soil
particles which provides oxygen and also helps water to penetrate into the soil
and drain quickly. Aerating your soil is a good way to improve the amount of
oxygen to your lawns roots. Like all living things your lawn requires water
water also contains dissolved nutrients essential to growth in a form that is
accessible to plant roots. Living organisms range from microorganisms some
of which help root growth – earthworms which improves soil structure by
creating air spaces and breaking down organic matter. Soils varys a lot
because they have different proportions of these components arranged in
different ways, this in turn affects the way they behave. There are three main
soil types being sand, loam and clay. There are also many different
soil types in between these three varieties like a sandy loam or a clay
loam for general gardening and lawn purposes you can’t beat a loam soil it’s
got all the good gear and the right structure. Loam soil contains a mixture
of sand silt organic matter and clay. Providing the right balance of nutrients,
oxygen, water and drainage which are just what your lawn needs. It is important you
know what sort of soil you have as this will tell you what you need to do to
improve it to get the most out of your lawn. To analyze your soil you can carry
out a ribbon test to find out what size and sort of particles your soil
contains whether it be sand loam or clay and in what proportions. Pick up a
handful or core of soil and work it together adding a little bit of water at
a time until it is moist. Note the different textures sandy particles are
coarse and easy to fell while the smoother particles are clay silt and
humus. Now squeeze the sample and try to form it into a ball
if the soil contains a fair proportion of clay and humus this should be easy
but if it contains a lot of sand it will keep breaking up next gently
squeeze the ball to lengthen it into a strip or ribbon and see how long you can
make it before it starts to break up the more clay the soil contains the longer
the ribbon will get and the more plastic it will feel to touch soil ribbons can
range in length from about 30 millimetres to 100 millimetres with
sandy soils being shortest loamy soils in the middle and clay soils the longest
if your soil contains a lot of clay or silt you may need to work on improving
them. The soil beneath your grass is the foundation for a well performing lawn
if you don’t get this right your lawn will continue to struggle if you think
your soil base is good but your lawn is still struggling you may want to look at
your soils pH. To do this check out our video on testing soil pH where you’ll
get some good tips to get your soil into the optimum pH range
check out the lawn solutions Australia website for more help
lawn care tips and advice and don’t forget to subscribe to our YouTube
channel thanks for tuning in to lawn Solutions Australia
and we hope to catch you next time

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