[MUSIC PLAYING] – Welcome back to
Southwest Yard & Garden. I’m John White. With me today Valois Pearce. Valois is a master gardener
here in [INAUDIBLE] county. Valois, this is the time of year
when people are out pruning. – That’s right, and they got
all these wonderful Christmas presents. – That’s right. If they haven’t, we want to make
sure they get the right ones. So they can have time
to take them back. But we do want to use proper
tools for the proper job. And we want to use
high quality tools. One of the first things is
just in the way of hand tools. This one is just a little
anvil type hand pruner. And by anvil, what
we mean is the branch that sits in here when
you squeeze down on it. It has to push this blade
through the piece of wood to cut it. So it’s a sharp blade pushing
against a flat surface. And so that blade has to be
perfectly even across there to get a good cut. And the blade has to
be sharp, so that’s one of the disadvantages to this. It does have a little
ratcheting action, so it helps a little
bit with leverage. As far as cutting, this is
made out of a plastic material. And I’m not sure how well
that’s going to hold up. – Yeah. – Now the other type of
pruner is a bypass pruner. And this is the one I really
prefer over the anvil type. The bypass is just
like a scissor action where it has a very,
very sharp blade passing over a stationary blade. And so when the limb’s in
here, it just cuts across it and cuts through it. So it’s kind of
a slicing action. It really makes a
much smoother cut. Whenever we’re
using pruning tools when we’re trying to make
our cut next to the branch, we want to be careful to
leave the branch collar. According to proper
pruning rules, we want to leave
the branch collar. We don’t want to
make a flush cut. But we want to
remember which way we hold this tool is going to
make a difference on how much actual stub is left. – You don’t want
too much of a stub. – So if you had the
tree here and you went against it this
way, you’re going to leave at least to
the width of this. So you’d want to prune the other
way in order to take it off. So that’s important on those. And a lot of these do
have replaceable blades. This is a much more economical
type of bypass pruners. Same thing, they’ll
take somewhere about 3/4 of an inch type branch on it. So anything 3/4 of
an inch or smaller, you can use a hand pruner on. If you’re getting larger
than 3/4 of an inch, then we want to go to
what we call a lopper. And a lopper is just kind
of like the hand pruner, only it has a much longer
set of handles on it. This one, again,
is a bypass type. It has the stationary part here
and the blade that comes down and cuts the limb off. This is for a larger
limbs, somewhere probably about an inch and a half,
maybe two inches at the most. But you want to be careful
not to try and take too large a limb. Because when you do, you’re
using your muscle pressure to try and close the blade. And if you’re having
trouble cutting through it, you’ll get the
twisting and banging around trying to move it. And if these two blades
gets splayed apart– – You’ll ruin them. – You’ll ruin them, and
they won’t cut good anymore. These also have little
rubber bumpers in here. So when you make the
final cut and it closes, it reduces a lot of the
shock on your hands. – This has a movable
bolt or nut right there. – Right, so you can take
it off to do cleaning. So if it gets gummed up, you can
take it apart and clean it up. – This is the same kind? – Yeah, this one’s metal handle. This one’s wood handle. Some people prefer
metal over wood, so you have a lot of choices. Same thing, bumper action,
bypass type pruner. The wood sometimes in the
dry climate gets real dry, and it’ll crack. And when you’re using this,
especially on large limbs, sometimes you can
break this open. So you may want the metal ones. But these are replaceable. You can buy a replacement. – Which one’s heavier? – They’re both about
the same weight. – This one’s pretty heavy. – And then another one we
have is the ratcheting type. This is a large one where
it has the ratchets. This is an anvil type
that actually gives you a little bit better leverage. – You don’t have
to be very strong. – Right, if you’re a
little bit weaker due to maybe some
disability or just age where you can’t use them as
much, then those help a lot. – That’s my favorite one. That’s not age or disability. – You just like the
mechanics of it. And the other thing
on large limbs is that we can
use a pruning saw. This one’s a real
nice one because it’s a fold up pocket type. You can put it in the
back of your pocket. A lot of the saws now have
this new razor tooth type action where it cuts
forwards and backwards. It goes through a
limb very, very fast. These blades are
very, very sharp. It does an excellent job. This one also locks in place,
so when you’re pruning, the blade won’t fall back
against your fingers. – And you could saw
better than clip? – Right. Now this one’s for larger
limbs that you can actually get a bite on. The other type of
saw, this one is kind of fold up to
stick in your pocket. This one’s a little
bit longer sized. Again, it’s got a little
bit of a bow shape to it. It has the fast razor type teeth
on it, so it cuts very fast. This one has to be
kept in a sheath, otherwise you’re
going to get poked. Or if you carry this
around in your car or wherever you
might have it, this can really cut
somebody real bad. – You don’t see people using
those very often, do you? – They probably should use
them more than what they do. So we’ve kind of covered a
lot of different stuff here. – Did we do the
big one back here? – OK, we’ll do the
big one real quick. This one is a pole pruner. This one extends out
to about 14 feet. It has the combination saw and
kind of a bypass type pruner action. So your limb falls in here. You pull the cord on it,
and it’ll cut it off. So this will work for
tree limbs that might be way up in the top of the trees. Valois, we’ve seen
quite a few tools. And hopefully,
people got some tips on what to use when
they’re pruning this year. – That’s right. Buy a book and know
what you’re doing. – Thank you very much for being
on Southwest Yard & Garden.