So I brought a bundle of what I considered to be one of the most productive crops in the garden, right Up there with those Tiger collards and just started harvesting these this is Lacinato Kale want to try a bite That’s pretty right there And Some people call it dinosaur kale Lacinato kale and I usually only had to plant this twice a year you plant it in the fall and it’ll grow all the way through the spring and then I’ll plant another crop of it and In the spring and last year mine didn’t bolt at all. So yeah, I got some growing to mines probably a little bit nicer and yours is But we eat some kale soup the other night and that’s become a favorite staple at our house is kale soup, kale soup and I like it a lot. I like kale soup. I like a bunch of sausage in mine. Yep So good stuff there and that is an heirloom Yep, it is It is Lacinato kale or dinosaur kale let’s say hey to everybody what hello everyone and welcome to the row by row garden show I’m Travis and I’m Greg and we’re excited to have you with us tonight Got a really good show planned we’re gonna talk about fertilizing one of the most popular crops in the vegetable garden Were gonna have our Show and Tell segment Before we get into into any more Show and Tell I do want to remind everybody This is the last episode to enter for our big Drawing giveaway show next week. So this is episode 51 our big one-year anniversary is next week So if you want to be entered to win you can have an entry every week so you’ll have to Either share it on Facebook or put a comment on Facebook or you can comment on the video on youtube So three ways to be entered there and you can have up to three entries from the last three shows I will mention this if you’re one that doesn’t always watch the show when it first airs You want to at least get your comment in by Tuesday. We’ll probably cut off Because we have to have time to get all those names printed off in a basket for the show So we’ll probably cut that off on Tuesday or so for the entries. That sounds good to me. Is that the best you can do. Is that the best I can do? That the best you can do. I’ve been out there and seen your onions. Now, mines growing pretty good. Got a little bit left, so I brought these to show I’ve got three I saw we’re Chad on the Row by Row group He couldn’t take it anymore. I seen that. I’ve gotten three that’s fell over Like this and I do like Chad did in his pictures when they fall over it’s time to get them I go pull them up and I just lay them on the grass right there by the garden and The reason we do that, so they’ll cure you want this to dry up. Mm-hmm and That’s a pretty good representation of what it looks like when you get ready to pull them right there. Yeah that top is brown It’s dying out and it’s just flipped over so Before we put them underneath the barn. We want this right here to be crispy and that’s close to it This one’s been sitting out in the Sun for a couple days. And we want this to get kind of crispy now Some people will cut these off when they store them, but I don’t. I don’t either, never have and one of the reasons I don’t like to do that Is because on my storage rack if I just lay this bulb up there, they’ll roll around bad But if I lay these down there, it keeps everything in place. Have you ever seen the people that weave them together? That’s pretty neat. Yeah, it seems like a lot work. I’ve tried that before. I’m not a real good weaver. So this one I brought this one to show you what most of mine look like this kind of big softball size this one This one you can still it hadn’t fallen over yet but I wanted to pull it just to show you that I There’s some big onions out there and that’s a good size to me I like that size. If you can grow them all that size right there. There ain’t nothing wrong with that. So Onions are starting to fall over I go out there everyday and just check for a few and I’m thinking this probably gonna be the first of next week on mine I’m making that prediction. Oh, yeah. Yeah. Now what’s different about me this year than in previous years I got more garden space in previous years I’ve kind of been in a hurry to get my onions out of there to plant something else, but this year I can be patient just get them as they fall over and That’s gonna work good for me. I am gonna plant sweet potatoes where my onions are So when I do get all my alliums out, elephant garlic, leeks, onions. I am gonna plant some sweet potatoes here come, May May you’re gonna plant them in May. Mm-hmm, okay And get them a little earlier this year, alright How about you? What’s going on in your garden? I’m probably gonna wait I’m get me a cover crop in the meantime Wait about to June to plant mine, you gonna squeeze in a cover crop. I may squeeze in a cover crop I’ve been thinking about that squeeze in something like Buckwheat Mm-hmm, and then plant my potatoes in June instead of May Now last year I planted them around the 4th of July and had a bumper crop. We had a really wet year So I’m gonna jump it up a little bit not to May like you’re gonna do It will be interesting to see who comes out on top on this thing. If you go May and I go June Yeah Deep South Homestead, they always plant in May and I think I’m gonna go ahead and get mine in And the only disadvantage to this it’s gonna be hotter when you dig them Yep, if you plant them in June, you can dig them in November once it’s cooled off a little bit See what else do we got going on here? I brought a couple things to show to share – to share a Couple products to share that I really like that we don’t sell and probably never will sell but that I really like and the first one I want to show you is this thing right here And I think this one’s made this is a Gilmore one But there’s I think there must be a Japanese or Chinese company that makes these in private labels them These little firemen top nozzles here, man. I really like them I had one several years ago and one of the youngins left it out in the yard and I run over it with the mule and broke it but if your hand watering crops Row crops and stuff this thing puts out a heap of water and really really nice for hand watering But it also got some really good pressure on it For washing carrots, I use it a bunch for washing carrots and beets this past weekend and I like it’s just easy flip On and flip off So if you ain’t never tried one of these fire hose kind of nozzles, I would highly recommend them. Mhm I’ve never tried one and Then the second thing so I’m kind of a knife Lover knife guru and when it comes to kitchen knives I kind of interested in those So I saw this company and it’s called Misen advertised on Facebook and I’ve seen a bunch of the ads and they had a bunch of really positive comments on their ads People saying that they bought their knives really like them, it seemed like genuine testimonials and so I looked it up and it’s basically the what they advertise themselves as is you get what would normally be a $250 chef’s knife for about 50 or 60 bucks. I said, well, let’s try it out So I bought a couple of them. So you pay 50 a piece for them or 50 for pack The big one was probably like 60 and that one’s probably like 40, but they got a pairing knife. They got all kind of different sizes, but I kind of like these two and it’s really good steel they said they don’t tell you what if it’s what it actually is they just say Japanese steel, but We’re assuming this a Japanese company with a name like that. It’s full tang which is interesting and it’s got a good weight to it Yeah I have really been pleased and they were super sharp out the box, still are I haven’t figured out what’s gonna be the best way to sharpen them but a Really good knife. So M-I-S-E-N Yeah, if you want to look it up, you wanna check out some good knives that I that are Travis approved M-I-S-E-N, and I think it’s in Misen.co A lot of those .co domains are starting to be used up. So Got those so wanted to share those two. I got my peppers planted this past weekend Yep, we did to, me and bubby planted peppers and then I gotta get some sunflowers in soon got mine in I got some giant ones in the greenhouse that are ready to go and I’m gonna direct seed some in a video I’m gonna make me a little pro mix mix pro cut Pro cut mix I got uh, I got some plums planted and I got something else planted, I don’t remember exactly. Plum sunflowers Plum sunflowers but I don’t remember what the other ones are. They fixing to start blooming I figured out I have that tendency sometimes where I plant stuff and I don’t remember what I planted. Yeah that can happen That can happen. Now on the garlic, has your garlic started Uh, nope not yet I looked at it this morning It has not started blooming. Mines started blooming and you’re supposed to pick those blooms off they tell us right? I don’t know. That’s why I was asking you. Yep, supposed to pitch those off but mine have not this morning They’re starting to yellow just a little bit But if my memory serves me right it’s normally about two to three weeks after I pull my onions when I pull my elephant garlic Really? Mmm. So we pinch the blooms off? Pinch the blooms off, scapes as they calling them Okay. Alright Well, I’ll take your advice on that Alright, so on this week’s show You did a video with your Gardening with Greg, tomato Talking about tomatoes or as I say Tomatoes everybody likes to make fun of me not pronouncing that last syllable their Tomatoes and today we want to talk about fertilizing Tomatoes and fertilizing requirements and fertilizer programs So what we did Excuse me. Got a frog in my throat what we did is we found a published study that provided kind of a fertilization schedule and recommendations for a huge large Field there of tomatoes and we kind of broke it down and make it more understandable For the everyday gardener backyard kind of put it into the quantities that we can understand Yeah, you know tomatoes are the most popular things grown in the garden. Mm-hmm Everybody loves to grow a tomato plant. Well, I say everybody just about everybody loves a good tomato So it’s really popular and it’s not the easiest one out there to grow its probably one of the toughest ones to really be success of a truly successful at and to grow some good tomatoes and that’s the reason we want to go over this day because the fertility on a tomato is very important. What I see most time with people that’s just starting out growing tomatoes is two things They don’t think they have to spray them And then the second thing is they don’t fertilize them enough. Mm-hmm. They have high fertility requirements and you got to put that love on them or they just not gonna produce and as we’ll talk about here in a minute Tomatoes like to be what we call spoon feed. So they don’t just like kind of a one-time application They like to be able to you know, feed them on a regular regular basis and you know, man That’s all kind of stuff out there on the internet. This fella called me other day now this This is exactly what he told me. He said I planted my tomatoes, Greg, dug me a deep hole I put a dead fish down there two aspirins and some eggshells Are you serious? I’m serious. And it took all I could do but he was serious. He had read that online somewhere Does it matter what kind of fish it is? Dead fish And at first I said, well, you know, that’s good We probably need to do something a little bit different First of all that dead fish is not gonna be available to that plant this year, right? it’s gonna have to be broke down and Everybody wants to put eggshells in there when they plant their tomatoes, well eggshells is a wonderful source of calcium The problem is it’s gonna take years for it to break down. So it’s available to that plant So putting them eggshells in that hole with that plant Ain’t gonna do nothing for your tomatoes that year cuz it’s got to break down to be available to that plant And it just takes a long time for that to happen but somewhere on You know online they have heard or read this and that’s the reason everybody doing it. There’s a lot of misconceptions I see people all the time putting tums down. Yep now, tums would be more I think tums more available than eggshells would be but that’s a poor way to try to get calcium to your plants There’s a lot better ways. Yeah, I’m gonna save my tums for heartburn and I’m gonna use some gypsum for my calcium Yeah, so let’s dig into this a little bit. So Before we talk about fertilization requirements we need to just basically Talk about pH for a little bit because if your pH is not right Doesn’t matter what kind of fertilization or what kind of nutrients you put out there they’re not going to be able to be absorbed by the plant and so optimal pH range for tomatoes six point two to six point eight Yep, if you want to put this out three months a head of time, we’re talking about lime were talking about lime You won’t put your lime out about three months ahead of time and lime also has calcium in it It would be a good part of your calcium for your tomatoes now calcium is immobile in the soil. Mm-hmm So what you want do when you put that lime out you want to till it or heir it in Or you want to incorporate that soil in the top six to eight inches of that soil That way it lowers your pH and that root area where your roots are growing and also you putting that calcium right there so them roots can pick it up and go with it and this can vary from sandy soils to really dense soils but the general rule is around a ton of a ton of lime Per acre to raise the pH one point so say 5.5 to 6.5 You can get your soil back and make this thing a lot more Complicated because I talk about soil pH buffer but that’s a good rule of thumb to go by one ton to raise at one point right one ton per acre and you can Break that down to whatever your square footage is and kind of figure that out Alright, so now let’s get into the actual fertilization of tomatoes so tomatoes Are one of those things that benefit from a complete fertilizer, you know, it’s not like it’s a complete fertilizer So come what I call complete fertilizer is going to have equal amounts or proportions of your three big macronutrients N-P-K or nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium so Equal amounts of those what I call a complete fertilizer now other people from a balanced balanced is probably the better word Complete would suggest having some microbes and stuff so balanced fertilizer equal amounts like a 10-10-10 on 20-20-20 something like that tomatoes need Equal parts of all those things or those major nutrients now we’re talking conventional stuff if you was using a good Chicken litter or good compost a lot of your chicken manures and stuff have something like a 3-1-2 Something like that so it’s pretty much balanced if you have access to that Todays were pretty much, We’re gonna skip that and go into the conventional part of it I got some chicken litter this year that I’ve been using so I had to take that away from what I would use Conventional fertilizers. So if you using some of those manures and stuff, you got to take it in consideration what we’re going to talk about today pretty much strictly if you have to use conventional fertilizers, right so The general rule from what the studies say is for for nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus They recommend at the lower end of the scale 150 pounds per 150 pounds per acre of Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium now for really sandy soils it gets up into 200 pounds per acre But will standardize it and just say a 150 pounds per acre of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium Now the way we want to apply this nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium is a little different So what they recommend is for your phosphorus that you apply all of that pre-plant. Why is that? Because it’s going to help to establish a really good root system for those transplants Also, this doesn’t move in the soil so you not gonna lose it like the nitrogen and potassium Can somewhat leach out that phosphorus is not going to leave So you can put it there pre-plant and not have to worry about it going anywhere You already got it out there ready for the plant to use. Boom. You’re good. Yeah, so if you don’t use this If we take those numbers, I was doing earlier 150 pounds per acre Might not mean people grow an acre of tomatoes if we break that down to a thousand square feet We’re looking at three and a half pounds per thousand square feet We’re talking about actual nitrogen so not talking about pounds of fertilizer We’re talking about actual pounds of nitrogen in that formulation or some people call it units. Okay. Okay, so say you want to put three and a half pounds of phosphorous Per pre plant per thousand square foot, okay they recommend Dissolving this in a solution and putting that solution putting a half pint of that liquid solution On each plant. Hmm. So for the example they provided they recommend taking the fertilizer something like a 1-3-0 something that’s high in phosphorous and mixing a half pound of fertilizer per 10 pounds of water This gets complicated and then applying a half pint of that, but we’ll just say three and a half pounds per thousand square foot probably going to work better if you dissolve it in water and So let’s just say here, that a fella has got 50 pounds of 10-10-10 and That means he has 5 actual pounds of phosphorus. So he’s got enough to do 1,500 square feet. Mm-hmm Okay So the phosphorus is going down pre-plant and then the potassium and the nitrogen is what we need to spoon-feed okay, and Let’s pull out our fancy chart here so I did some calculation for us got a little dirt on there Okay, so here we’ve got nitrogen. We’ve got potassium Okay We’ve got the total amount of fertilizer. We’re going to need throughout the duration of that plant the studies recommend putting a third to a half of this total amount down pre-plant and then Spoon-feeding the rest. Okay now we’re going to assume here that our tomato plants We’re talking about determinate plants here for the most part we’re going to assume our tomato plants have a 14 week lifespan, which is probably pretty fair and normal, so Because we’re needing a balanced fertilizer. We’re needing three and a half pounds of each of these per thousand square foot We didn’t put the phosphorous on here because we’ve already added that pre plant Now pre plant for these two We’re going to add a third to a half of that and I just come upon a round number. Will say 1.5 so 1.5 pounds per thousand square foot and then For those 14 weeks. We’re going to spoon-feed The other two pounds three point five minus 1.5. So we’re going to spoon-feed those other two pounds and to do that Some of these commercial guys are doing it daily, but that’s not really feasible for the home gardener. So we’ll say weekly I would say weekly you’re giving it a third of a pound Up until those 14 weeks So that’s your fertilization program right there for tomatoes, but you know what? There’s different types of fertilizers, their different types of nitrogen and our Tomatoes prefer a particular kind of nitrogen a more balanced fertility which includes the ammonia Includes the urea and a nitrate and they are particularly fond of the nitrate nitrogen, right. So Let’s talk about nitrogen real quick. So we’ve got urea nitrogen Go ahead and grab that We’ve got ammonia and we’ve got nitrate All of these have to be broken down to this and those are your three major sources of nitrogen that are commercially available So this is what’s actually absorbed. Okay. This is a larger molecule than this than this this is larger than this. This is what actually it’s absorbed by the plant They’re all a little bit different urea is more stable in the environment than ammonia is and Ammonia is probably if we see there’s got a quicker chain on there than the urea does right So so in the cycle here if you were to put just urea out what happens is this has to be broken down to this And this has to be broken down to this if you put just a ammonia or what we call ammoniacal nitrogen out There it has to be broken down to this So just know that if you’re putting this or this out It’s going to be broken down to this if you’re putting just nitrate out. It’s going to hit it pretty quick. Yep So the chain there So when you have these three all three of these in a fertilizer then you have different chains of release right. Which is going to give you a Kind of a steady flow of nitrogen release now, we all been familiar with miracle-gro I’ve been using it for 40 years It’s been around a long time this it’s blue used to sell it at the chain stores And these little hoes end things they got smarter and they’re doing a little different now But this is the exact same stuff. We said we’d do a package of it an we call ours the 20-20-20 And what makes this work so great on tomatoes especially on tomatoes We’ve used it in the landscape on bedding flowers and bedding plants lots of stuff is I’m gonna have to get my glasses, here It has all three Of those nitrogen sources in it. It has an ammoniacal Or ammonia ammonia excuse me. I can’t see here 3.5% Ammonia, it has 5.5% nitrate and has a 11% urea So all three not only is those chains on those nitrogens different They release at different times when tooking up in the plant, but the plant reacts differently to those all three of those differently Too so it’s going to give you a quick hit and also some kind of slow bleeding hit there which is gonna be nice now The experts do say as far as your nitrogen application and you’d be plenty fine with that but that the No more than 50% correct me if I’m wrong on this should be ammoniacal nitrogen Well, no, it’s the other way around you should have 50% or more of nitrate nitrogen. Okay, okay yeah, so 50% or more of this so not 50% more of this, right, right. And the reason for that is and I’ve left out a little plus a sign right there ammonia is a cation which it just means a positive iron but so are things like potassium calcium and magnesium and so if you’ve got too much ammonia They’re going to compete with your calcium and your magnesium uptake and we all know if you don’t have enough calcium you get blossom end-rot So the take away of that is you guys out there using Ammonia nitrate a lot of people do use ammonia nitrate side dress corn with, be careful using ammonia nitrate side dress your tomatoes with theres probably a better product than ammonia nitrate because For blossom it ties back to blossom end rot for blossom end rot You want to use the nitrates more than you do with ammonia and that will help with Blossom end rot and if you can find you some calcium nitrate. Yeah, you could hit it with calcium nitrate we like to use our Chilean nitrate but calcium nitrate is a good one, too so don’t put too heavy of this on there or else you’re gonna have some calcium uptake issues because you You could have plenty of calcium in your soil, but you had too much ammonia there and it’s never gonna get taken up by the plant, yep Okay, so just to recap Equal parts just like 20-20-20. We want a balanced fertilizer And we want it three and a half three and a half three and a half per thousand square foot We’re gonna put all the phosphorus down pre-plant. We’re gonna put a half of this down pre plant and we’re gonna spoon feed it every week and Using an injector like through a drip system. It’s a great way to do that. Yeah, and sometimes I get in a tight I’ll take my sprayer put me a cup full in my sprayer tip my nozzle off and I just banned it with that Here’s what I do with my fertility program Okay, I make it a point to do it once a week and I have a day set aside that I do it on Okay, like Mondays every Monday is my fertilizer day And I, whether you need to water or not whether I need to water or not doesn’t make any difference, well what if it just rained two inches Now if it rained two inches that if it just had rained two inches It wouldn’t bother me now if it was fixing to rain two inches, that would bother me, okay. I may have to redo it But if it’s done already rained, I don’t have a issue with that Okay So I take a Monday my fertilizer day because I have a tendance to forget days sometimes when I did three or four days ago So I always know Monday’s my fertilizer day I got fertilizer on Monday and that helps me keep up with it, makes it simple That works it works. I try to do mine consistently like that But I I don’t like to run my drip system at if the soil is real saturated. So I I’m a little bit more flexible with mine, but yeah having your day, you talking about if you have a good rain You don’t want to run your drip system I gotcha. Yeah. Yeah I don’t want to inject cuz I don’t need any more water out there, right. And I feel like I might be over diluting my fertilizer. So And that’s the perfect time maybe you do that band system. Like I do sometimes yeah, yeah before we Wrap up on the fertilizer deal and we won’t spend too much time on this, but I do want to give a little teaser What we didn’t talk about today was micronutrients things like boron magnesium stuff like that, sulfur and We probably need to devote a whole show to that so we won’t dig on that too much We do got this new product alert new product alert new product coming out and we’ve been using this stuff for about two years and we Finally got it so we can make it available to you guys. We call it micro boost and this is a micronutrient Supplement and I’ve been using this on beets and it works really good beets need a little extra boron So this is going to give you a lot of those micronutrients That plants that they’re essential to plants but they only need them in very small quantities Yep, you can inject this through your injector It works great through the injector or you can band, like I’m talking about through a sprayer. And for the last two years every time I fertilize Yeah, so every time I put my 20-20-20 in my easy flow injector I’ll usually put a cup and a half to two cups of this in there. And you’re covering all your basics your covering all your macros and your minors so This is not on the site yet Probably won’t be as of the airing of this show, but it should be in the next week or so So stay on the lookout with that. If you’re on an email list, check it out will have it I don’t think there’s nothing on the market like it. I don’t think so either And that was kind of, that’s one reason for bringing it on so one-shot deal it covers everything That’s right, and we’ll we’ll have this in gallon and also in court sizes For you guys with big or small gardens and yep and this stuff It’s not that costly but it’s really really effective for your garden. So be on the lookout for that and then Let’s answer some questions. So if you before we get into that if you have any questions about tomato fertilizing Anything with tomatoes how you should apply the fertilizer? Any of that put those in the comments as always we’ll be glad to get to on next week’s show We’ve got a couple questions from last week’s show that we want to answer and if we answer your question on the show Send us an email to [email protected] and we’ll be glad to send you a nice little prize So what do we have here? We’ve got Jim just Jim says he bought some rattlesnake beans from us this year Thank you, Jim and wants to know do you plant on each side of the trellis and thank you for all your info each week So I planted me a row of rattlesnake beans this year now I always like to plant some pole beans and this is the way I do it. I Plant my rattlesnake beans and we had this conversation the other day off-camera by plant my rattlesnake beans directly on top of my drip tape. Mm-hmm And then when they start coming up I put my trellis up I use T post and I use cow panels for my trellis But I raised my cow panels about three or four inches off the ground And then I let those rattlesnake beans come up and they grab ahold of that cow panel and they go to it The reason I raised those cow panels three to four inches off the ground and so I don’t put them in the dirt And so the bottoms won’t rust off on me I don’t have that problem with the bottoms rusting and it doesn’t take no time for them to find the panel and they go straight Up, so to answer your question, Jim. Yeah, I plant directly underneath my cow panel, my trellis I wonder if that rusting is a soil chemistry issue because so I do mind similar I plant them on top of the drip tape But I put my panels on the dirt and I’ve never had a single one of mine rust, they will over a period of time they will Sooner or later when you put metal to the ground now They’re galvanized so you may have to wear that got a nice off first But if you put metal to the ground you can write this down if you want to, eventually it will rust, okay Now I don’t leave them there no longer than I have to but I haven’t had any rust So far as far as planting on both sides, I have tried that before with some other pole crops You can do it. The problem is you’re gonna get so much foliage there This can be hard to get in there and see and pick everything or keep it weeded I move that single line underneath there mines pretty easy to weed, right so You put yours on and you basically hang your fence right over the top of them. Yep mine’s to the side of it a little bit and I kind of help them train them when they’re young and they Understand how to crawl up there, well mines as we speaking as of right now mine’s probably up halfway on the trellis right now. Wow. There growing like crazy. All right, and then our second question what we got there from Nanogiant He says do you reuse your drip tape year after year, or is it one season and it’s done? Okay, that’s kind of two or three questions in one there. I don’t reuse it year after year But it’s not one season in doing because we have four seasons. We’re growing in all four seasons And so I’ll reuse a piece of tape up to four times sometimes and This works really well for all your rows or all my rows are pretty standardized between 35 and 40 feet So I can reuse those pieces of tape really easily. I don’t ever try to store it and save it one reason I don’t have really a good way of doing it and I don’t know of a great way to do it that it’s Not super time-consuming when you think about it this stuff on the rolls we sell is around five cent a foot If time is worth anything to you, it’s not really worth the time to try to store it so what I would say use it in the spring reuse it in the fall and Replace it next spring Yeah, your truck line and your drip tape review disposables and all your fittings and all that will last you a long long time so the only thing you really got replaced is your main line and your drip tape and I well I don’t I’m you been used same piece of mainline for Three or four years now, and it’s just it’s got a whole goof plugs just just lined up all in it. So you know, you don’t have to replace the main line if you got your goof plugs and can plug them up, but You reuse it as much as you can but as far as finding a way to store it I don’t know that the best use of time or a lot of people mention rolling it up I haven’t found a good way to do that. Now. I’ve moved mine out of the way before Yeah, and then till up my garden my spot and they come back and laid it back down. That’s not too bad No, but that roll it up and reuse it that don’t sound like too much fun to me. Me either, me either All right, so get your entries in for our big giveaway. We’re going to give away lots of good stuff next week show Make sure you tune in so you can see if you won or not and we will see you guys then. Take care.