GROW PLANTS FOR FREE! How to grow Hydrangea and Rose plants from cuttings|Basics of plant cuttings

good morning hope you’re alright in
today’s video I’m gonna talk about propagating plants using cuttings which
is called vegetative reproduction this is a very useful method of getting more
plants for free before we go into any more details please subscribe to my
channel so you don’t miss out on any video there are different types of
cuttings which you can use to propagate more plants from the main plant which is
called mother plant or stock plant so the first
method is by using stem cuttings in stem cuttings you take a piece of stem from
the mother plant stock plant here in this picture you can see we have got
this mother plant and this plant has been cut at an angle on the stem
leaving some leaves behind and here you can see more details the part we caught
has four leaves on it which has four nodes so that node is the position from
where the leaf come out so you need at least four nodes on your cutting and
that space between two nodes is called inter node so the second method is using
leaf cuttings which is more common with succulents in succulents you take a leaf
and then you put it in the propagation medium it generates root and then it
produces a new plant from that cutting the third method is by using root
cuttings which is more common with like trees and shrubs so here you can take a
piece of root and plant that root and the new plant will start to come out
from that root in today’s video we are going to focus on using stem cuttings so
stem cuttings are further divided into four categories hardwood cuttings which
are basically deciduous shrubs climbing vines or trees
and the second is semi hardwood cuttings which is basically with shrubs like
azaleas and camellias the third method is softwood cuttings which is generally
used with roses hydrangeas and 4th one is herbaceous cuttings which are non woody
plants like mint Dahlia I have done a video on propagating Dahlia in fall if
you haven’t checked that video please find the link in the description box or
click in the top right corner so in today’s video I’m gonna focus on using softwood
cuttings here is my hydrangea plant and I have got our cuttings from my hydrangea plant normally you will take cuttings in early spring or early
summer but you can also try this in fall so you can start taking cuttings like
in August by the end of August or in September so then you will have
enough time for the cuttings to generate roots and develop so here you can see I
remove the flower buds and I remove the lower leaves and I’m trimming the upper
leaves so you want the leaf surface to be as minimum as possible because the
cutting loose water by their leaves if you don’t trim the leaves they will
be dry very soon before they generate any roots so here I dip this cutting in
honey so you can use rooting hormones which help the plan to generate roots
faster honey is also a good rooting medium so now I’m going to do
the same process with another cutting so here is my other cutting from hydrangea
plant first of all you need to remove any flowers or buds from the cuttings so
you don’t want to keep any flowers or flowering buds because the cutting will
send its energy to flower or flowering buds which you don’t want to happen you
want the cutting to focus on Roots so here I have got four leaves on
this cutting which means four nodes so I’m going to remove the lower two
leaves which ideally you should pull them off the stem which will make a
wound on this time and it will enhance the rooting process and now I’m going to
trim the upper two leaves leaving just a little bit leaf area behind so you need
to dip the lower part in the honey or rooting hormone and you need to place it
in a pot you can use any compost all-purpose compost or like peat moss
cocoa peat for this process and you need to moisten the compost very well and
then make holes in it so you can put your cutting in that hole and then you
can press the soil around it so today I’m going to do three cuttings this way
this is a third one basically you don’t want to prune your hydrogen plants in
fall so you can leave this process un till spring so you can do it in spring
if you want but I just wanted to do it in this time of year we are in zone
eight so which basically means we don’t get really harsh winter colds so
removing the blooms from hydrangea plant is okay because they will survive the
winter anyway but if you are in lower zones like five or six you may want to
delay this process until spring and you may want to keep your blooms on hydrangea plant as long as possible to protect them from winter Frosts so here I have
done the same process with the third cutting as you see and that’s all
basically it’s very easy process very economical if you have got a plant
which is called mother plant you can propagate it as many times as you want
or you can ask for a cutting from your friends or family members if they have
got one it’s really cheap and economical and really easy
now I’m going to do the same process with my rose plant so here I have taken
a cutting from my rose plant which is basically a green part of the stem it’s
not like woody or semi hardwood part of the plant. you don’t want to take the
cutting which is like woody or hardwood so you want to take the green part of
the stem and I have removed all the leaves of this cutting with rose
cuttings you can remove all the leaves it’s okay and then this is 1/2 foot long
so it have got lots of nodes so I’m going to further trim it
into two halves so each half has got like two nodes on it from where the new
growth will come and to cut your cuttings you need shears that’s sharp and clean
you can use an antiseptic solution to clean your shears and then you need to
make a nice clean cut and this is the node from where the new growth can
come out and there is another node on the top side so I’m going to dip the
lower part in honey again and going to place this cutting in the compost so you
don’t have to use honey or any rooting hormone the cutting well generally roots
by itself anyway but that can take long so if you want to facilitate the process
and you want to do it in less less time it’s good idea to use a rooting hormone
which is easily available from garden centers or you can use honey which we
all have in our homes so here is another stem from my rose plant and as you can
see these nodes here I’m going to further trim it into two parts and each
part has got like 2 upper nodes and two lower nodes so again I’m going to dip it in
the honey and going to place it in my compost you can place as many cuttings
as possible in one pot because they are just there to generate the roots once it
develops the roots and start showing the signs
of new growth you can plant them separately but it’s up to you how you
want to do it you don’t have to plant them far apart it’s okay and now you
need to press the soil to keep the cuttings in place you need to use
all purpose composed or peat moss or any planting
medium will do basically and you need to moisten it here is a cutting from a
hydrangea plant which I did in August so you can see it has got a new growth and
it’s doing really well and I did four to five cuttings at that time and only one
basically survived so the idea is you can propagate as many cuttings as
possible you you are not losing anything these are the cuttings from your mother
plant or stock plant and if you haven’t got any plants you can ask for a cutting
from your friends or family members plants so or even if you have to invest
in one plant like I got this hydrogen plant for four pounds so if I have
success with one cutting it means the cost has been halved so it’s really
economical here is my rose plant which I also started from cutting this year in
April and it was like half foot cutting as you can see it has got this huge nice
thick stem and it has gone like two to three feet wide and tall I think this is
hybrid tea rose and it’s really awesome so I want to get more cuttings out of
this plant so I took two cuttings from this plant and which basically gave me
four cuttings so the more cuttings you get the cost of the mother plant is
going to get lesser so it’s and not only cost also you can retain the same
features as the mother plant because in vegetative propagation basically the
plant retains the same characteristics of growth habit blooming time blooming features disease
resistance all the characteristics will remain the same in the plants that you generate
from cuttings however that’s not the case when you get plants from seeds the
characteristics may vary so after taking all your cuttings you can wrap it with a
polythene bag with holes in it which will basically help to retain to the moisture within the cuttings and they won’t dry out or you can put
your potting medium in greenhouse or in shade you only want to get it two to
three hours of morning Sun and that’s all so now you give the time to generate
what it can take up to one or two months so depending on the time of year you are
doing this so if you found this video useful please give it a thumbs up and do
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